_ARTICLE_ by Kris van Koppen In this somewhat provocative essay for TOPOS, I will dispute three often-heard claims in debates on nature and landscape planning. While plausible at first sight, none of these claims is valid. Moreover, none of them is helpful in protecting and improving our natural environment. In this essay, I will explain why I think so, and argue for forms of nature and landscape planning in which government, citizens, and experts all play significant roles. I will take the Netherlands as example, but the arguments have a wider relevance.